Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpus is a word derived from the Greek word karpos, which means “wrist.” The wrist is surrounded by a band of fibrous tissue that normally functions as a support for the joint. The tight space between this fibrous band and the wrist bone is called the carpal tunnel. The median nerve passes through the carpal tunnel to receive sensations from the thumb, index, and middle fingers of the hand. Any condition that causes swelling or a change in position of the tissue within the carpal tunnel can squeeze and irritate the median nerve. Irritation of the median nerve in this manner causes tingling and numbness of the thumb, index, and the middle fingers – a condition known as “carpal tunnel syndrome.”

CAUSES :

  • Numbness and tingling of the hand in the distribution of the median nerve (the thumb, index, middle, and part of the fourth fingers).
  • Burning sensation
  • Cramping and weakness of the hand.
  • Decreased grip strength can lead to frequent dropping of objects from the hand.
  • Chronic carpal tunnel syndrome can also lead to wasting (atrophy) of the hand muscles, particularly those near the base of the thumb in the palm of the hand.

 

SYMPTOMS :

  • Headaches usually feels throbbing, pounding, or pulsating
  • Chills
  • Increased urination
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness
  • Problems concentrating, trouble finding words
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Sweating
  • Feeling mentally dull, like your thinking is not clear or sharp
  • Increased need for sleep
  • Neck pain

 

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY :

  • Improves pain through advanced modalities.
  • Reduces inflammation.
  • Strengthening of intrinsic muscles of hand.
  • Relive the median nerve.
  • Alignment correction through manual therapy
  • Taping technique
  • Laser therapy for instant pain relief

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