It is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and pain in joints. It can also affect other parts of body, such as the lining of heart and lungs.
CAUSES, INCIDENCE, AND RISK FACTORS:
The cause of RA is unknown. It is an autoimmune disease, which means In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks its own healthy tissue, including joints. In severe cases, it attacks internal organs
RA can occur at any age, but is more common in middle age. Women often get more affected by RA than men.
Infection, genes, and hormone changes may be linked to the disease.
RA usually affects joints on both sides of the body equally. Wrists, fingers, knees, feet, and ankles are the most commonly affected.
- Morning stiffness.
- Painful and swollen joints, especially hands, feet and knees.
- Difficulty in moving joints.
- Red, puffy hands
- Loss of appetite
- Chest pain while taking a breath
- Dry eyes and mouth
- Eye burning, itching, and discharge
- Nodules under the skin
- Numbness, tingling, or burning in the hands and feet.
- Sleep difficulties
GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY:
- Prevents deformity
- Prevents stiffness
- Decreases swelling
- Increases ROM
- Improves pain through advanced modalities
- Reduces inflammation.
- Reduces spasm
- Reduces tightness.
- Increases strength : resisted band exercises
- Alignment correction through manual therapy.