Stroke / Paralysis

Paralysis is loss of muscle movement in the body. Muscle weakness leads to paralysis, loss of coordination as well as loss of the ability to move the body part.

Paresis: Paresis is a condition in which there is a weakness of voluntary movement, or partial loss of voluntary movement or by impaired movement.

TYPES OF PARALYSIS:

  • Monoplegia: – only one limb is affected.
  • Diplegia: – affecting the same body region on both side of the body.eg- both arms or both legs.
  • Hemiplegia : – one side of the body is affected.
  • Paraplegia: – both legs and back is affected.
  • Quadriplegia: – all four limbs and back are affected.
  • Tetraplegia: – all four limbs and back are affected. Respiratory system is also involved.

CAUSES :

  • Stroke
  • Traumatic brain injury/spinal cord injury.
  • Hemorrhage
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Atherosclerosis (DVT)
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes

SYMPTOMS :

  • Person cannot able to feel touch in the affected part of the body.
  • Person cannot able to feel pain in the affected part of the body.
  • Numbness to weather is common. Person cannot feel heat or cold.
  • There could be a tingling sensation on the unaffected part of the body
  • Muscle weakness on the affected part of the body.
  • Loss of movement and coordination.
  • There is generally an impairment of vision.
  • Person becomes incontinent

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY :

  • To maintain and improve mobility
  • Flexibility
  • Strength
  • Gait
  • Balance
  • Coordination
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitate to ADL

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