Sprain / Strain

STRAIN is an injury to a muscle or tendon in which the muscle fibers tear as a result of overstretching. A strain is also known as a pulled muscle.


There are 3 grades of strain –

  • Grade 1 strains usually cause stretching of a few of the muscle fibers.
  •  Grade 2 injury is more significant damage.
  •  Grade 3 injury is a complete rupture of the muscle.

 

SYMPTOMS:-

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Muscle spasms
  • Limited ability to move the affected muscle

CAUSES

  • Slipping on ice
  • Running, jumping or throwing
  • Lifting a heavy object or lifting in an awkward position

 

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY

  • Improves pain through advanced modalities
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Reduces spasm
  • Reduces tightness
  • Increases strength resisted band exercises
  • Alignment correction through manual therapy
  • Taping technique
  • Laser therapy for instant pain relief

 

 

SPRAIN 

Sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments. The Ligaments are tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in joints. The most common location for a sprain is in ankle.

The grading system for sprain injury are –

  • Grade 1 sprains stretch fibers of the ligament.
  • Grade 2 sprains are injuries where part of the ligament is torn.
  • Grade 3 sprains are when the ligament is completely torn or ruptured.

Symptoms:-

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Limitation in the ability to move the affected joint.
  • Hear or feel a “pop” in affected joint

 

Causes

It occurs with the overextending or tearing of ligament. It occurs in the following circumstances:

  • Ankle — Walking or Exercising on an Uneven surface
  • Knee — Pivoting during an athletic activity
  • Wrist — Landing on an outstretched hand during a fall
  • Thumb — Skiing injury or over extension when playing sports, such as tennis

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY

  • Improves pain through advanced modalities
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Reduces spasm
  • Reduces tightness
  • Increases strength resisted band exercises
  • Alignment correction through manual therapy
  • Taping technique
  • Laser therapy for instant pain relief

 

 

 

 

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